in the News
Sending Up Signals for
SiMM Is Anything But Simple
World's Most Powerful Solid-State
Stepping Up to Extreme Lithography
for Acute and Chronic Pain
and Environment: Understanding Our World
Acting Deputy Director for
Science and Tecnology
Is a Hallmark of This Laboratory
THIS months issue of
Science & Technology Review highlights Livermores
success in applied sciencetaking scientific ideas and developing
them into technologies and products that meet real-world needs. Engineers
often refer to this process as turning hand-waving into hardware.
Ever since E. O. Lawrence founded this Laboratory, we have been directed
by the nation, through Congress, to apply this process to a variety
of missions, from designing nuclear weapons to designing instruments
to rapidly detect chemical and biological agents released in terrorist
attacks. months issue of Science & Technology Review highlights
Livermores success in applied sciencetaking scientific
ideas and developing them into technologies and products that meet
real-world needs. Engineers often refer to this process as turning
hand-waving into hardware. Ever since E. O. Lawrence founded
this Laboratory, we have been directed by the nation, through Congress,
to apply this process to a variety of missions, from designing nuclear
weapons to designing instruments to rapidly detect chemical and biological
agents released in terrorist attacks.
Underlying the applied science
at Livermore is exploratory science, in which we research the fundamental
aspects of physics, chemistry, materials science, and bioscience.
This exploratory research produces the necessary foundation for developing
scientific and technological solutions to national security problems.
Among the results are nuclear weapons to support the U.S. deterrent,
precision technologies for fabricating one-of-a-kind optics for lasers
and telescopes, miniaturized DNA assays and instruments for quickly
detecting biothreat agents, and x-ray and extreme-ultraviolet optics
for making next-generation computer chips.
Every year, R&D Magazine
selects the 100 most technologically significant new products and
processes of the past year. Since 1978, Livermore has received 90
of these R&D 100 Awards. They provide independent confirmation
of the Laboratorys excellence in applied science and technology.
As with previous award-winning products and processes, this years
winners are derived from work carried out for our core missions, work
demanding that we come up with creative science and technology answers
to solve the nations problems. These answers, in turn, have
led to further inventions and creations with applications originally
of this years winners have origins in our laser program efforts.
The solid-state heat-capacity laser, for instance, is a powerful but
compact laser that has near-term defense applications as well as potential
applications in industrial materials processing. The technology that
made possible another winner, the small laser diode array, has obvious
applications in industrial materials processing and promises to contribute
to the field of laser surgery. Then theres the thin-film coating
tooldeveloped for extreme-ultraviolet lithography for producing
next-generation computer chipswhich looks to have wider applications
in the worlds of microelectronics and optics.
The other two winning inventions
are grounded in bioscience but may have future roles in homeland security
and nonproliferation as well. In situ rolling circle amplification
shows great potential to help diagnose genetic disease and has potential
applications in the fight against bioterrorism. The portable transcutaneous
electrical nerve stimulation device has obvious benefits in improved
medical treatments. Furthermore, this device and others developed
as part of our program of cooperative threat reduction activities
with the former Soviet Union continue to open doors for Russian scientists
and engineers who once worked on Soviet weapons programs, helping
them redirect their talents to civilian applications.
As the Laboratory embarks on
its postSeptember 11 homeland security mission, its expertise
in applied science is as important as ever. Science and technology
play a critical role in defending the country against terrorism waged
with weapons of mass destruction by providing new detection capabilities,
better methods for emergency response and recovery, and, perhaps most
important, improved information analysis and connectivity. In these
areas and more, we build on our 50-year tradition of excellence in
applied science. This excellence will let us fulfill our expanding
and evolving national security missions in deterrence and nonproliferation
and meet the needs of new missions in counterterrorism and homeland
security. Success in developing some of the devices and technologies
we are pursuing for homeland security might lead to recognition by
R&D Magazine in future years.
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November 15, 2002