HE Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has unique facilities and expertise that are being used to address problems of interest to the broad U.S. research community. One of the ways to make these resources available-and to accomplish other important goals-is the University Relations Program. In fact, two of the articles in this issue of Science & Technology Review relate to the work of this program.
In March 1995, Director Bruce Tarter created the University Relations Program to coordinate activities with the common themes of university collaborations, student involvement, and programs sponsored by the University of California at the Laboratory. Our mission is to contribute to the intellectual vitality of the Laboratory, the University, and industrial communities by fostering cooperative basic and applied research. Our organization consists of three "umbrellas." The first covers the University of California Institutes; the second includes programs with the UC Office of the President, the LLNL Education Program, and the Partnership for Environmental Technology Education; and the third covers programs for which we serve as liaison.
The Institutes program began in the early 1980s at Lawrence Livermore. As the usefulness of the initial Institutes became firmly established, others were founded. These Institutes complement, rather than duplicate, ongoing programs at Lawrence Livermore. Currently, the Laboratory's Institutes program consists of the Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (I was the founding director in 1983), the Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, and the Institute for Scientific Computing Research. The latter is the subject of the article starting on p. 4 of this issue. A fourth Institute, devoted to Laser and Plasma Science, is due to begin operation soon. These Institutes provide a focus for collaborations with the nine UC campuses as well as with many other universities around the country. The results of one of these collaborations-the search for Massive Compact Halo Objects-were reported in the April 1996 issue of Science & Technology Review.
Under the second umbrella, the LLNL Education Program contributes to systemic improvement in math, science, engineering, and technology education to ensure a skilled, diverse workforce and to enhance scientific and technical literacy. The Education Program has components that involve teachers and students and promote public awareness and technology education. For example, the research highlight on rock mechanics on p. 24 gives some details on the successes of one program in this area.
Our programs with UC's Office of the President include UC-Directed Research and Development funds, which encourage scientific exchange between UC and Lawrence Livermore; Campus Laboratory Collaborations, a new initiative in which the UC Office of the President selects proposals for collaborative research between UC's campuses and national labs; and the UC Presidential Post-Doctorate Program, which encourages minorities and women to conduct world-class research at one of UC's nine campuses or three DOE laboratories.
The Partnership for Environmental Technology Education is a national nonprofit organization designed to foster training in environmental technologies at the community college level. The partnership links the technical resources of national labs, federal and state agencies, professional societies, and private industry with participating community colleges. This network, piloted originally in five western states, now consists of six regional partnerships serving all 50 states and has 400 participating colleges.
The third umbrella-our liaison programs-includes liaison with the UC Davis Department of Applied Science, the UC Davis Center for Image Processing and Interactive Computing, the Glenn T. Seaborg Institute of Transactinium Sciences, and Lawrence Livermore's Student Policy Committee.
As the Laboratory's missions continue to change with the evolving world situation, collaborative research and education take on increasingly important roles. The Lab is moving from its traditional mode of working on projects where all the relevant expertise resides in-house, to areas such as nonproliferation, biotechnology, health care, energy, and environmental research-areas in which many other institutions have expertise as well. In a collaborative environment, more of this power can be brought to bear on programs of strategic importance to the Laboratory and the nation. As the University and DOE consider the extension of the Laboratory's contract, our research collaborations provide a good example of the clear mutual benefit in continuing this important and successful relationship.