When the Clementine satellite was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base on January 25, 1994, it represented the first U.S. satellite to the Moon in more than two decades. Sponsored by the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, the Clementine experiment was primarily designed to demonstrate lightweight imaging sensors and component technologies for the next generation of Department of Defense spacecraft, using the Moon, the near-Earth asteroid Geographos, and its own solid-rocket motor as imaging targets. Its secondary mission was to provide scientific data on the mineral content of the lunar surface and on the formation of planets in our solar system. Plans called for Clementine to encounter Geographos on August 31. On May 7, however, a processor malfunction drained the attitude-control system of all its fuel, effectively canceling the Geographos portion of the mission. Nevertheless, the planned technology-demonstration and lunar-mapping parts of the mission were a success, with the LLNL-developed on-board cameras returning more than 1.5 million images of the Moon at spatial resolutions never before attained.
Ralph E. Gomory was a recent participant in LLNL's Director's Distinguished Lecturer Series. Gomory is an eminent figure in both research and industry. He has been president of the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation since 1989. Before that, he was a senior vice president of IBM, where he was director of research for almost 20 years. He has written extensively on the nature of technology and product development, research in industry, industrial competitiveness, and economic models involving economics of scale. In his April 4, 1994, lecture, Gomory addressed some of the tensions, conflicts, and possible goals related to federal support for science and technology. In particular, he asserted that a goal must first be clearly set--namely, contributing to American industrial competitiveness through science and technology; then, working in close cooperation with industry, decision-makers can discover what science and technology programs can contribute to U.S. industrial competitiveness.
June 1994 in PDF format (2,150K)
and LLNL Disclaimers